Removing unwanted hair, whether it is abnormal or just excessive, by women or men, is the pious goal of all hair removal methods.
A modern, effective and fast method, which has been widely accepted in recent years, is laser hair removal. It is based on the principle of selective photothermolysis and the target chromophore is melanin.
It is very important to choose the most suitable laser system and the corresponding parameters, for each skin type and for each indication, in order to selectively destroy the target, but without causing damage to the skin. The ideal skin would be light-colored (low-melanin), which would bring dark-colored (high-melanin) hair. Also, in terms of the hair growth phase, it is important to be in the regenerative phase (at the beginning of growth).
AREAS: Women are interested in removing unwanted hair growth in areas where there is normally no hair at all, such as the face, chest, abdomen, lower back, buttocks, and forearms. Also, in areas that for purely aesthetic reasons, laser hair removal will offer them greater convenience and comfort, such as the armpits, thighs, hips, and the bikini area.
Men for aesthetic or professional reasons (athletes, models), are interested in hair removal on the trunk (chest, back), neck, cheekbones, genital line, ears and more rarely on hands, feet, and buttocks. Also, people who suffer from pseudofolliculitis barbae and folliculitis, in general, can find a solution to their problems with laser hair removal.
Theoretically, any area of the body with dark hair can withstand laser hair removal on a healthy person, but prior to the treatment, we should obtain the patient’s thorough medical history (e.g. diseases or medications that are contraindicated).
Blonde and white hair does not absorb the laser beam of light, so they are not damaged.
The duration of treatment, as well as the number of treatments and the intervals between sessions, depend on the area to be treated, as well as the patient. Age, nationality, hormones, weight, diet, possible medications a person is taking are influential factors.
PERSONAL MEDICAL HISTORY: We are interested in the person undergoing the laser not having photosensitized drugs (e.g. isotretinoin) and not having a photosensitive condition (e.g. lupus). If there is a pregnancy, the patient would better avoid the laser, especially in the first trimester.
INFORMATION PRIOR AND POST LASER TREATMENT
- Inform the patient that you should avoid sunbathing or tanning, at least 4-6 weeks before the session.
- Also, we should not have used depilatory methods that remove the hair root, for 4-6 weeks before the session. Electrolytic, wax, or tweezers are prohibited. The patient can use hair removal creams that remove unwanted hair on the surface of the skin.
- We inform our patients about the burning sensation that they may feel especially in some more sensitive areas, rich in nerve endings e.g. upper lip. We discuss with our clients the possible use of a local anesthetic cream, which should be applied to the area, at least 1.5-2 hours before the session, with a closed lining.
- The patient should not have had any chemical peels in the last two weeks, and topical acne treatment should be stopped a week before the laser.
- During the visit, the area should be clean and the hair should be cut with razors or scissors a day or two before so that it is just visible. When it comes to body hair removal, clothing should be comfortable, and underwear should be light-colored, so there is no risk of absorbing the laser beams, e.g. in the bikini area. The hair is gathered back when we are going to do laser treatment on the face.
- Immediately after treatment, the patient should apply a cream with anti-inflammatory properties.
- Clothing should be comfortable to avoid friction. The patient can take a bath, as long as he does not use excessively hot water. It is best to avoid the sea, pool, and sauna for 2-3 days.
- The laser application area should not be exposed to the sun for the first few days after the treatment and it is necessary to use a sunscreen cream with a high protection index.
- Additionally, for the first few days after laser hair removal, the patient is instructed to use a moisturizing, refreshing cream, several times a day so that the skin recovers faster. This is especially recommended for large areas, such as legs.
- When the patient leaves the place where the session was performed, the skin is smooth and hairless. But after 5-15 days, depending on the depth of the hair follicle, some “black spots” appear, which later seem to lengthen. This is a normal situation. They are the damaged roots that are slowly removed and we can get rid of them using a special sponge or cold wax, but never a razor. Subsequently, the skin will remain all white and smooth for 4-8 weeks, at which point new thinner hair growth will begin.