Psoriasis is a chronic and persistent skin disease, quite common in the Greek population (about 3%). It occurs in both sexes and at any age and has recessions and exacerbations. There is a genetic predisposition; moreover, an important contributing factor is regarded to be stress. The skin shows red plaques with a characteristic whitish scab on top. There are many forms of psoriasis that, besides the skin, can affect nails and hair.
- Topical moisturizing – exfoliating – medicinal creams (cortisone – Vitamin D)
- Oral medicines: they are very effective but they require chronic administration and close medical supervision (cyclosporine – acitretin – methotrexate)
- 1Biological agents: They are injections that are provided free of charge by insurance funds and are administered periodically once or twice a month or as directed by the drug manufacturer. They are powerful immunomodulatory drugs, with impressive results, but they are prescribed in severe forms of psoriasis only if all other therapies have failed.
- UVA and UVB radiation