They are caused by the HPV virus and are transmitted through sexual contact or to the newborn from a mother with genital warts during childbirth.

It is the most common sexually transmitted disease and affects both women and men. It is estimated that around 50% to 70% of sexually active men and women will be infected with the virus during their lifetime. However, warts will only occur in 10% of people who become infected, due to their self-limitation by the immune system.

Factors that increase the risk of transmitting this viral infection and skin warts are a large number of sexual partners and the weakened immune system.

They often occur in the vulvar area, at the entrance to the vagina, in the penis, in the scrotum, in the anus, in the perineum, the vulva and in the groin. The rarest signs of warts are the lips of the mouth, the tongue, the oral cavity, the pharynx, and the larynx.

Warts are usually asymptomatic. However, if you notice the following:

  • Small, flesh-colored, brown or pink swellings in your genital area
  • A cauliflower-like shape caused by many warts close together
  • Itching or discomfort in your genital area
  • Bleeding during sexual intercourse

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