Acne is principally an adolescent disease, but it often appears very early and extends to much older ages. It develops in areas where our skin has a lot of sebaceous glands (face – chest – back).
- It is affected by family history (hereditary).
- It can be caused by hormonal disorders (especially girls just before menstruation).
- Bacteria: Mostly oily skin has the tendency to be colonized by different bacteria because of the excess production of sebum. But acne is not an infectious disease.
- Diet: It has not been confirmed to be a cause, but it is advisable to people who are already predisposed to acne to avoid fatty foods and dairy products.
- Climate: Acne improves in summer, and worsens in humid, tropical climates.
- Stress: stress aggravates acne, affecting the increase of sebum production
- Facial cleansing with soap and lotion. Deep steam cleansing.
- Keratolytic and sebum-regulating creams.
- Antibiotics in a topical form (cream) or orally.
- Contraceptives (in case there are hormonal disorders).
- Topical or oral isotretinoin in more severe forms (under close medical supervision).
- Laser treatments (smooth beau laser) for active lesions as well as lasers for the treatment of scars.